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Development of process to remove oligomers and suppress their formation in aging fuels by adsorbing the precursors of their aging procedure using adsorbents

  • The research described in this dissertation focuses on developing a process to remove oligomers and suppress their formation by intercepting the aging procedure's precursors using adsorbents when biodiesel and its blends are used as fuel. There has been the search for various energy sources due to the increasing awareness of the depletion of fossil fuel resources, environmental issues, and more urgently is the need to mitigate climate change. Biodiesel has become more attractive in recent times (Daming et al. 2012, Abdullah et al., 2007) as an alternative fuel. Biodiesel, a methyl ester of vegetable oil, is a renewable, low environmental impact, green alternative fuel for diesel engines (EU Regulation, 2012, Ghosh and Dutta, 2012). In addition to its renewable status, biodiesel, compared to fossil fuel, has advantages such as its biodegradability, reduced exhaust emissions, higher cetane number, lubricity, and safer distribution and storage due to its higher flash point (Pereira et al. 2015, Monyem and Van Gerpen, 2001). Biodiesel fuel is chemically fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) derived from different plant oils. It varies slightly in molecular structures due to the degree of unsaturation of the fatty acids in the different sources compared to conventional diesel fuel (Pereira et al. 2015, 2013, Sharma and Singh, 2009). Biodiesel fuels contain significant amounts of esters of oleic, linoleic, or linolenic acids, which influence their oxidative stability. A small percentage of more highly unsaturated fatty compounds have a disproportionately strong effect in reducing oxidation stability and promoting oligomers formation. The oxidation products of the biodiesel in the engine sump influence the degradation of the lubrication oil.

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Author:Jerome Desire Aliekabaa KpanORCiDGND
URL: https://pub-data.leuphana.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/1336
Advisor:Wolfgang K. L. Ruck (Prof. Dr. Ing.)
Referee:Wolfgang K. L. Ruck (Prof. Dr. Ing.)ORCiDGND, Jürgen Krahl (Prof. Dr.)ORCiDGND, Oliver Opel (Prof. Dr.)ORCiDGND
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Year of Completion:2023
Date of Publication (online):2023/10/13
Date of first Publication:2023/10/13
Publishing Institution:Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Universitätsbibliothek der Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
Granting Institution:Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
Date of final exam:2023/08/23
Release Date:2023/10/13
Institutes:Fakultät Nachhaltigkeit / Institut für Nachhaltige Chemie (INSC)
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 547 Organische Chemie
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht