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Navigating biodiversity conservation trade-offs in the social landscape: Understanding stakeholder perspectives and aspirations

  • Though the loss of biological diversity is an ecological phenomenon, it also has a social dimension. This makes the study of the social landscape, encompassing the multitude of perspectives and aspirations by different stakeholders, highly relevant for better navigating trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and other land use objectives. Engaging with and addressing contextual understandings of biodiversity is vital to develop socially palatable solutions for biodiversity loss. This dissertation, therefore, takes a place-based approach to studying biodiversity conservation trade-offs and seeks to understand how the perspectives and aspirations of different stakeholders shape them. First, it aims to identify shared viewpoints as ensembles of perceptions and meanings about human-nature relations and biodiversity. Second, it aims to understand how biodiversity is valued and constructed in stakeholders’ aspirations towards their landscape. To this end, a convergent mixed methods approach and case study design are used. Two cases were selected that face different underlying drivers of land-use change, resulting in loss of biodiversity. The Muttama Creek Catchment area is a farming landscape in south-eastern Australia where the ongoing intensification of agricultural production threatens native biodiversity. In the Spreewald Biosphere Reserve in north-eastern Germany, land abandonment and the resulting loss of the biodiversity-rich wet meadows presents a key challenge for biodiversity conservation. Narratives and discourses provide conceptual lenses through which the author studies biodiversity conservation trade-offs. Drawing on Q-methodology, this dissertation identifies biodiversity-production discourses for the first case study and cultural landscape narratives for the second case study. Moreover, based on a participatory futures approach, the Three Horizons Framework, it elicits narratives of change that highlight opportunities for biodiversity conservation in farming landscapes. The findings highlight that despite some overlap in how stakeholders perceive biodiversity, contrasting problem framings and different biodiversity priorities present hindrances to concerted action to protect biodiversity and for collaboration. The findings also identify shared values among stakeholders. However, there is polarity and contestation around the role and importance of biodiversity in rural development.

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Author:Tamara Schaal-LagodzinskiORCiDGND
URL: https://pub-data.leuphana.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/1365
Title Additional (German):Zielkonflikte bei der Erhaltung der biologischen Vielfalt in der sozialen Landschaft navigieren: Perspektiven und Wünsche von Interessengruppen verstehen
Advisor:Julia Leventon (Prof. Dr.)
Referee:Julia Leventon (Prof. Dr.)ORCiD, Jan Hanspach (Dr.)ORCiDGND, Claudia Bieling (Prof. Dr.)ORCiDGND
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Year of Completion:2023
Date of Publication (online):2024/01/05
Date of first Publication:2024/01/09
Publishing Institution:Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Universitätsbibliothek der Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
Granting Institution:Leuphana Universität Lüneburg
Date of final exam:2023/11/01
Contributing Corporation:CzechGlobe Global Change Research Institute, CAS
Release Date:2024/01/09
Das Dissertationsprojekt wurde vom CzechGlobe Global Change Research Institute, CAS mitbetreut. Das Rahmenpapier der kumulativen Dissertation enthält drei Fachartikel.
Institutes:Fakultät Nachhaltigkeit
Fakultät Nachhaltigkeit / Social-Ecological Systems Institute (SESI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 333.7 Natürliche Ressourcen, Energie und Umwelt
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht